The Association of Sociodemographic Characteristics of Blood Donors with Primary Preventive Measures (PPM) During COVID-19 Pandemic
Background: The recent COVID-19 epidemic outbreak is an ongoing crisis that is causing global uncertainty on an unrivaled scale. During this outbreak, blood banks worldwide continue serving patients at risk of a contagious status.
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the relation between the sociodemographic characteristics including age, gender, education level, income, and job type with primary preventive measures including avoiding the crowd, washing hands, wearing masks, wearing gloves, and social distancing during COVID-2019 pandemic. Additionally, the other goal was to help the central blood bank/Tripoli (CBB/T) to assign suitable donors for collecting COVID-2019 Convalescent Plasma (CCP), which is used to treat COVID-19 patients.
Materials and Methods: A combined questionnaire-rapid test-based study was attained in the Faculty of Medicine, the University of Tripoli in collaboration with the CBB/T and the Libyan Centre for Biotechnology Research, Tripoli, Libya. Questionnaires were distributed, signed consent, and filled by blood donors of CBB/T. Whole blood and serum samples were collected for the Wondfo SARS-CoV-2 antibody test and serological chemiluminescent assay (i-Flash- COVID-19 Analyzer). Results: analysis of data collected revealed that there were 49 (5%) positive tested blood donors out of 961 for Wondfo SARS-CoV-2 antibody test. The primary preventive measures (PPM) were significantly higher in the positive high-income group than in the negative high and low-income groups. Moreover, the PPM was significantly higher in the positive participants in the pre-university level group than in the negative pre-university